Santa Maria la Nueva
A large part of the medieval history of Spain has passed under the walls of Zamora.
Between the tenth and eleventh centuries it was the object of bitter dispute between Arabs and Christians.
Attorno alla metÓ dell'XI secolo venne fortificata da Fernando I de Leˇn che la lasci˛ alla figlia Donna Urraca.
Having failed the Arab threat, Zamora was for a long time a crossroads of the clashes between the 'Christian kingdoms' of Spain.
Under its walls came an episode recounted in the Spanish epic poems: the assassination of Sancho II of Castile while trying to steal the city to his sister Urraca, under the eyes of the Cid Campeador.
Between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries it experienced a period of great flowering and wealth: in the city there are over 20 Romanic churches evocatively guarded by omnipresent storks.
With the unification of the kingdoms of Spain and the proceding of the 'Reconquista' it was then relegated to an increasingly marginal role until it became a very poor land of emigration.
The massive emigration was the cause of the presence in South America of many cities with this name.
Among the churches of Zamora, in addition to the cathedral, we should mention the church of Santa Maria la Nueva which has been the subject of careful restoration.
The capitals are decorated with symbols and classical themes of the Romanesque style: Adam and Eve, the amphisbene (the two-headed braided snakes), the bearded man (do not admire my beard, take care of the health of the church ...), the man assaulted by the lions .. and, of course, the two-tailed mermaid.