San Giovanni Evangelista
Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius I, in the anno domini 424 was caught in a storm at sea while returning from Constantinople to Ravenna, where he had gone to the settlement of her son Valentinian III on the Western throne.
She vowed St. John to build him a church if they were saved. They was saved and so in the fifth century church of St John was born.
Already in the seventh century the church was enlarged. So it was renovated in the thirteenth century by Abbot William to celebrate the 'success' of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 that led to the conquest not of Jerusalem, but of Constantinople (by mistake, of course, by mistake ...) and the election of Thomas Morosini to the office of the patriarch of the newborn Latin Empire.
In the seventeenth century, the church was again restored, and large sections of the floor mosaics were hung on the walls.
Then in the second war modiale the basilica was bombed (by mistake, of course, by mistake ...) by the allies and reconstructed as far as possible with original materials.
A so long and complicated history could not don't reserve jewelry. Are real jewels the XII century mosaics survived.
They tell in 'direct drive' the Fourth Crusade and dreams and fears of the men and women of the time. The Crusaders are portrayed in the act of conquering Zadar (to repay the Venetians the transport towards Jerusalem).
The act earned them the papal excommunication (you see the pope who scolds the naughty) adequately hidden to the soldiers from the Veneto-French strategic direction (and, now that they were excommunicated, they conquered Vlora and Byzantium).
The excommunication was withdrawn from the pope hoping solve by military means the schism of the East ...
But there are also scenes of courtly love, where graceful young ladies offer flowers to the knight, blondes bicaudate sirens, Lamie (sort of evil beings who eat children), Panthers (the panther - tame animal - is seven colors, with its irresistible fragrance pulls in animals whose feeds), the funeral of fox celebrated by the 'Roman de Renart' (the fox pretends to be dead: the pitiful hens will celebrate the funeral and the opportunist, he slaughters ...), the walker goose holding the censer (it was said that the goose could walk nonstop from Paris to Rome, and this is chosen as a guide for pilgrims), and unicorns, griffins, wolves, deer ...
The twelfth-century men were handed to St. John an incredibly lively glimpse of their world, a witness in live expressed in mosaics - albeit without the chromatic splendor of San Vitale - tell brightly and unique atmosphere at the heart of the Middle Ages.